WHEN WERE COUNTIES CREATED?

The North Carolina General Assembly has the power to create and abolish counties, and redraw county lines. The following table provides the years in which counties were created by act of the General Assembly, as well as the county or counties that the new county was carved from.

County formation dates
CountyDateParent(s)
Alamance1849Orange
Alexander1847Iredell, Caldwell, Wilkes
Alleghany1859Ashe
Anson1750Bladen
Ashe1799Wilkes
Avery1911Mitchell, Watauga, Caldwell
Beaufort1705Bath
Bertie1722Chowan
Bladen1734New Hanover
Brunswick1764New Hanover, Bladen
Buncombe1791Burke, Rutherford
Burke1777Rowan
Cabarrus1792Mecklenburg
Caldwell1841Burke, Wilkes
Camden1777Pasquotank
Carteret1722Craven
Caswell1777Orange
Catawba1842Lincoln
Chatham1771Orange
Cherokee1839Macon
Chowan1668Albemarle
Clay1861Cherokee
Cleveland1841Rutherford, Lincoln
Columbus1808Brunswick, Bladen
Craven1705Bath
Cumberland1754Bladen
Currituck1668Albemarle
Dare1870Currituck, Tyrrell, Hyde
Davidson1822Rowan
Davie1836Rowan
Duplin1750New Hanover
Durham1881Orange, Wake
Edgecombe1741Bertie
Forsyth1849Stokes
Franklin1779Bute
Gaston1846Lincoln
Gates1779Chowan, Hertford, Perquimans
Graham1872Cherokee
Granville1746Edgecombe
Greene1799Glasgow
Guilford1771Rowan, Orange
Halifax1758Edgecombe
Harnett1855Cumberland
Haywood1808Buncombe
Henderson1838Buncombe
Hertford1759Chowan, Bertie, Northampton
Hoke1911Cumberland, Robeson
Hyde1705Bath
Iredell1788Rowan
Jackson1851Haywood, Macon
Johnston1746Craven
Jones1779Craven
Lee1907Moore, Chatham
Lenoir1791Dobbs
Lincoln1779Tryon
Macon1828Haywood
Madison1851Buncombe, Yancey
Martin1774Halifax, Tyrrell
McDowell1842Rutherford, Burke
Mecklenburg1762Anson
Mitchell1861Yancey, Watauga, Caldwell, Burke, McDowell
Montgomery1779Anson
Moore1784Cumberland
Nash1777Edgecombe
New Hanover1729Craven
Northampton1741Bertie
Onslow1734New Hanover
Orange1752Johnston, Bladen, Granville
Pamlico1872Craven, Beaufort
Pasquotank1668Albemarle
Pender1875New Hanover
Perquimans1668Albemarle
Person1791Caswell
Pitt1760Beaufort
Polk1855Rutherford, Henderson
Randolph1779Guilford
Richmond1779Anson
Robeson1787Bladen
Rockingham1785Guilford
Rowan1753Anson
Rutherford1779Tryon
Sampson1784Duplin
Scotland1899Richmond
Stanly1841Montgomery
Stokes1789Surry
Swain1871Jackson, Macon
Surry1771Rowan
Transylvania1861Henderson, Jackson
Tyrrell1729Chowan, Bertie, Currituck, Pasquotank
Union1842Anson, Mecklenburg
Vance1881Granville, Warren, Franklin
Wake1771Johnston, Cumberland, Orange
Warren1779Bute
Washington1799Tyrrell
Watauga1849Ashe, Wilkes, Caldwell, Yancey
Wayne1779Dobbs
Wilkes1777Surry, District of Washington
Wilson1855Edgecombe, Nash, Johnston, Wayne
Yadkin1850Surry
Yancey1833Burke, Buncombe


Abolished/abandoned counties
CountyDateParent(s)Note
Albemarle1664Original countyabolished 1739
Bath1696Original countyabolished 1739
Bute1764Granvilleabolished 1779
Clarendon1664Original countyabandoned 1667
Dobbs1758Johnstonabolished 1791
Glasgow1791Dobbsabolished 1799
Tryon1768Mecklenburgabolished 1779

Source: Genealogical Services Branch of the State Library of North Carolina


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